The Elephant

A resource for journalists, politicians, policy makers, activists and citizens interested in climate change and the environmental emergency



Articles from this source (85)

The impact factor of engaged research: Metrics for conservation outcomes

  2024-03-09 (or before) in

Will this paper lead to any measurable impact on biodiversity conservation? In this essay, we examine the relevance of scientific publications for con…

  Tagged under: Conservation | Science

Measuring the Doughnut: A good life for all is possible within planetary boundaries

  2024-03-05 (or before) in

Humanity is continuing a path towards ecological instability. While resource consumption is unprecedented, significant parts of the human population a…

  Tagged under: Climate Justice | Economics

Global environmental cost of using rare earth elements in green energy technologies

  2024-01-20 (or before) in

Decarbonization of economy is intended to reduce the consumption of non-renewable energy sources and emissions from them. One of the major components …

  Tagged under: Renewable Energy

Environmental Kuznets Curve - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

  2024-01-15 (or before) in

Targeting socioeconomic transformations to achieve global sustainability

  2023-12-22 (or before) in

Green growth and post-growth are alternative concepts for transformative change. I investigated the amount of support each enjoys among sustainability…

  Tagged under: Sustainability

Labour and the ecological crisis: The eco-modernist dilemma in western Marxism(s) (1970s-2000s)

  2023-12-13 (or before) in

The article offers an intellectual critique of Marxist political ecology as developed in western Europe between the 1970s and 2000s, focusing on the l…

Reinventing energy efficiency for net zero

  2023-10-14 (or before) in

Energy efficiency has delivered the largest share of historic greenhouse gas mitigation. A significant part of this relied on replacing fossil fuel te…

  Tagged under: Net Zero | Climate Change Mitigation

Inconsistent definitions of GDP: Implications for estimates of decoupling

  2023-10-04 (or before) in

Efforts to assess the possibilities for decoupling economic growth from resource use and negative environmental impacts have examined their historical…

  Tagged under: Economic Growth

A comprehensive continental-scale analysis of carbon footprint of food production: Comparing continents around the world

  2023-09-30 (or before) in

Food production is an important source of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Quantifying the carbon footprint of all the major food categor…

  Tagged under: Food Production and Consumption

Global mortality from outdoor fine particle pollution generated by fossil fuel combustion: Results from GEOS-Chem

  2023-09-06 (or before) in

The burning of fossil fuels – especially coal, petrol, and diesel – is a major source of airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5), and a key contribut…

  Tagged under: Air Pollution | Fossil Fuels

Association between glyphosate exposure and cognitive function, depression, and neurological diseases in a representative sample of US adults: NHANES 2013–2014 analysis

  2023-09-05 (or before) in

Glyphosate, the most widely used herbicide globally, has been linked to neurological impairments in some occupational studies. However, the potential …

Wind farms dry surface soil in temporal and spatial variation

  2023-08-27 (or before) in

Wind farms have been proved to have potential impact on the ecology. As an important ecological factor, soil moisture has a great impact on the ecosys…

  Tagged under: Wind Power

The better to fool you with: Deception and self-deception

  2023-07-24 (or before) in

Deception is used by plants, animals, and humans to increase their fitness by persuading others of false beliefs that benefit the self, thereby creati…

On the human appropriation of wetland primary production

  2023-07-09 (or before) in

Humans are changing the Earth's surface at an accelerating pace, with significant consequences for ecosystems and their biodiversity. Landscape transf…

  Tagged under: Wetlands

Can the mode, time, and expense of commuting to work affect our mental health?

  2023-06-21 (or before) in

Commuting to work is an important part of many people's daily life, with travel times increasing constantly and becoming a growing problem. The aim of…

  Tagged under: Health

Banning boilers: An analysis of existing regulations to phase out fossil fuel heating in the EU

  2023-06-18 (or before) in

In view of the current geopolitical situation, the EU and its Member States are accelerating efforts to reduce their dependency on fossil fuel imports…

The potential for a plastic recycling facility to release microplastic pollution and possible filtration remediation effectiveness

  2023-05-28 (or before) in

With current plastic production and the growing problem of global plastic pollution, an increase and improvement in plastic recycling is needed. There…

  Tagged under: Microplastics and Nanoplastics

Enabling a just energy transition through solidarity in research

  2023-05-18 (or before) in

A just energy transition is as much about acknowledging and acting on the socio-material needs of marginalised classes and groups as about informing i…

The unbearable heaviness of climate coloniality

  2023-05-16 (or before) in

The extremely uneven and inequitable impacts of climate change mean that differently-located people experience, respond to, and cope with the climate …

  Tagged under: Climate Change | Climate Change Impacts

Increasing risks of multiple breadbasket failure under 1.5 and 2 °C global warming

  2023-04-26 (or before) in

The increasingly inter-connected global food system is becoming more vulnerable to production shocks owing to increasing global mean temperatures and …

  Tagged under: Food Production and Consumption | Climate Change Impacts | Climate Change

Net zero and the unexplored politics of residual emissions

  2023-04-07 (or before) in

In this perspective article, we call for more engagement with the unexplored politics of residual emissions. Residual emissions are those emissions th…

  Tagged under: Net Zero

Fossil fuel companies' climate communication strategies: Industry messaging on renewables and natural gas

  2023-03-29 (or before) in

Research shows that multinational oil and gas companies have recently made a strategic shift away from outright climate denial to more nuanced discour…

  Tagged under: Renewable Energy

Fossil extraction bans and carbon taxes: Assessing their interplay through multiple models

  2023-03-19 (or before) in

Given concerns about the ambition and effectiveness of current climate policies, a case has been made for the combination of demand side policies such…

Beyond ecology: ecosystem restoration as a process for social-ecological transformation

  2023-03-16 (or before) in

Ecosystem restoration conventionally focuses on ecological targets. However, while ecological targets are crucial to mobilizing political, social, and…

Millionaire spending incompatible with 1.5 °C ambitions

  2023-02-26 (or before) in

Much evidence suggests that the wealthiest individuals contribute disproportionally to climate change. Here we study the implications of a continued g…

  Tagged under: Climate Change

Building a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty: Key elements

  2023-02-09 (or before) in

Amid growing recognition of the need for supply-side policies which set limits on the further expansion of fossil fuel extraction and use, in this art…

Wind energy is not sustainable when balanced by fossil energy

  2023-02-08 (or before) in

Ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all is one of the Sustainable Development Goals. Some countries have theref…

  Tagged under: Wind Power

Post-growth transition, working time reduction, and the question of profits

  2023-01-30 (or before) in

The ecological macroeconomics literature has developed models, which outline the transition from today's growth-dependent economies to post-growth sys…

Future demand for electricity generation materials under different climate mitigation scenarios

  2023-01-28 (or before) in

Achieving global climate goals will require prodigious increases in low-carbon electricity generation, raising concerns about the scale of materials n…

  Tagged under: Electricity | Climate Change Mitigation

Assessing U.S. consumers' carbon footprints reveals outsized impact of the top 1%

  2023-01-14 (or before) in

Unsustainable environmental degradation and extreme economic inequality are two of humanity's most pressing challenges. They are intimately linked. Cl…

Social outcomes of energy use in the United Kingdom: Household energy footprints and their links to well-being

  2022-12-09 (or before) in

How energy relates to human need satisfaction, for whom, and with what wellbeing outcomes has remained under-researched. We address this gap by invest…

Social tipping processes towards climate action: A conceptual framework

  2022-11-15 (or before) in

Societal transformations are necessary to address critical global challenges, such as mitigation of anthropogenic climate change and reaching UN susta…

  Tagged under: Climate Change | Climate Change Mitigation | Tipping Points

Beyond science and policy: Typologizing and harnessing social movements for transformational social change

  2022-11-04 (or before) in

Social movements refer to collective groups of actors banding together to achieve desirable social change through common agendas and tactics. This stu…

Balance as bias: global warming and the US prestige press

  2022-11-01 (or before) in

This paper demonstrates that US prestige-press coverage of global warming from 1988 to 2002 has contributed to a significant divergence of popular dis…

Messaging matters: A systematic review of the conservation messaging literature

  2022-10-28 (or before) in

Changing human behavior and attitudes are key to conserving global biodiversity. Despite evidence from other disciplines that strategic messaging can …

Implications of shrinking household sizes for meeting the 1.5 °C climate targets

  2022-10-11 (or before) in

Understanding social trends such as shrinking household sizes plays an important role for designing effective policies to limit global warming to 1.5 …

Banning super short-haul flights: Environmental evidence or political turbulence?

  2022-10-04 (or before) in

Several countries have considered banning or even decided to ban or tax super short-haul flights, arguing that the availability of rail alternatives m…

  Tagged under: Trains

Capitalism and extreme poverty: A global analysis of real wages, human height, and mortality since the long 16th century

  2022-09-20 (or before) in

This paper assesses claims that, prior to the 19th century, around 90% of the human population lived in extreme poverty (defined as the inability to a…

  Tagged under: Capitalism

The connection between subjective wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviour: Individual and cross-national characteristics in a seven-country study

  2022-09-15 (or before) in

A positive and reciprocal relationship between subjective wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) has been observed across a range of countrie…

“We don't want to be the bad guys”: Oil industry's sensemaking of the sustainability transition paradox

  2022-09-10 (or before) in

The operating model of the global oil industry is not compatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement. For the industry, there is a fundamental tensi…

  Tagged under: Sustainability

A cautionary note about messages of hope: Focusing on progress in reducing carbon emissions weakens mitigation motivation

  2022-08-26 (or before) in

For the first time this millennium, growth in carbon emissions has slowed. Indeed, the year 2014 was the first time in 40 years that the planet saw ze…

  Tagged under: Climate Change Mitigation

Cumulative carbon emissions and economic policy: In search of general principles

  2022-08-26 (or before) in

We exploit recent advances in climate science to develop a physically consistent, yet surprisingly simple, model of climate policy. It seems that key …

Thermal tolerance of zooplankton

  2022-07-19 (or before) in

First immature instar Daphnia pulex Leydig acclimated at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30°C, and Daphnia magna Straus acclimated at 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30°C, w…

The moral psychology of misinformation: Why we excuse dishonesty in a post-truth world

  2022-07-10 (or before) in

Commentators say we have entered a “post-truth” era. As political lies and “fake news” flourish, citizens appear not only to believe misinformation, b…

  Tagged under: Disinformation and Misinformation

Existing climate mitigation scenarios perpetuate colonial inequalities

  2022-07-07 (or before) in

The challenge of climate mitigation is made more difficult by high rates of energy use in wealthy countries, mostly in the Global North, which far exc…

  Tagged under: Climate Change Mitigation

Closing the high seas to fishing: A club approach

  2022-06-20 (or before) in

The world’s fisheries are governed by a vast, and largely ineffective, set of international and regional institutions. If we are to preserve and manag…

  Tagged under: Fish

Global fisheries subsidies: An updated estimate

  2022-06-20 (or before) in

The aim of this paper is to provide an updated estimate of global fisheries subsidies. It builds on earlier estimates and methodologies to re-estimate…

  Tagged under: Fish

Plastitar: A new threat for coastal environments

  2022-06-13 (or before) in

Oil residues have been frequently found on the coasts all over the world as a result of different accidental releases. Their partial evaporation and s…

A systematic review of the psychological distance of climate change: Towards the development of an evidence-based construct

  2022-05-19 (or before) in

The construct of psychological distance has gained traction as an explanation of why climate change is difficult to act on; it often feels far removed…

  Tagged under: Climate Change

“Carbon Bombs” - Mapping key fossil fuel projects

  2022-05-15 (or before) in

Meeting the Paris targets requires reducing both fossil fuel demand and supply, and closing the “production gap” between climate targets and energy po…

Discovery and quantification of plastic particle pollution in human blood

  2022-04-29 (or before) in

Plastic particles are ubiquitous pollutants in the living environment and food chain but no study to date has reported on the internal exposure of pla…

Production and harvesting of microalgae for wastewater treatment, biofuels, and bioproducts

  2022-03-11 (or before) in

The integration of microalgae-based biofuel and bioproducts production with wastewater treatment has major advantages for both industries. However, ma…

Imperialist appropriation in the world economy: Drain from the global South through unequal exchange, 1990–2015

  2022-02-15 (or before) in

Unequal exchange theory posits that economic growth in the “advanced economies” of the global North relies on a large net appropriation of resources a…

  Tagged under: Economic Growth

Far from optimal? Exploring the normative premises and politics of carbon pricing - ScienceDirect

  2022-01-12 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Carbon Pricing

How science makes environmental controversies worse - ScienceDirect

  2021-12-27 (or before) in

Climate change prediction: Erring on the side of least drama?

  2021-12-21 (or before) in

Over the past two decades, skeptics of the reality and significance of anthropogenic climate change have frequently accused climate scientists of “ala…

  Tagged under: Predictions | Climate Change

Trees, forests and water: Cool insights for a hot world

  2021-12-18 (or before) in

Forest-driven water and energy cycles are poorly integrated into regional, national, continental and global decision-making on climate change adaptati…

  Tagged under: Climate Change | Trees

Investment and production dynamics of conventional oil and unconventional tight oil: Implications for oil markets and climate strategies - ScienceDirect

  2021-10-22 (or before) in

Early warnings and emerging accountability: Total’s responses to global warming, 1971–2021

  2021-10-20 (or before) in

Building upon recent work on other major fossil fuel companies, we report new archival research and primary source interviews describing how Total res…

  Tagged under: TotalEnergies

From elite folk science to the policy legend of the circular economy - ScienceDirect

  2021-09-23 (or before) in

Transport poverty and car dependence: A European perspective

  2021-09-01 (or before) in

In the Global North, and increasingly in emerging countries, car use can be essential to access services, opportunities and social networks that are i…

The anti-colonial politics of degrowth - ScienceDirect

  2021-08-20 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Degrowth

Quantifying national responsibility for climate breakdown: an equality-based attribution approach for carbon dioxide emissions in excess of the planetary boundary - ScienceDirect

  2021-08-11 (or before) in

When starting with the most expensive option makes sense: Optimal timing, cost and sectoral allocation of abatement investment - ScienceDirect

  2021-07-28 (or before) in

Socio-economic conditions for satisfying human needs at low energy use: An international analysis of social provisioning

  2021-07-27 (or before) in

Meeting human needs at sustainable levels of energy use is fundamental for avoiding catastrophic climate change and securing the well-being of all peo…

  Tagged under: Climate Change

Attributing Extreme Events to Climate Change: A New Frontier in a Warming World - ScienceDirect

  2021-07-27 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Global Warming | Extreme Weather | Climate Change

Prices and quantities: Unsustainable consumption and the global economy

  2021-07-11 (or before) in

The ecological unsustainability of current consumption patterns is now well documented. One aspect of this problem which has not been sufficiently add…

Influencing climate change attitudes in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis - ScienceDirect

  2021-05-14 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Climate Change

Climate injustice, criminalisation of land protection and anti-colonial solidarity: Courtroom ethnography in an age of fossil fuel violence - ScienceDirect

  2021-05-05 (or before) in

Urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (SDG 13): transforming agriculture and food systems

  2021-04-18 (or before) in

Actions on climate change (SDG 13), including in the food system, are crucial. SDG 13 needs to align with the Paris Agreement, given that UNFCCC negot…

  Tagged under: Climate Change | Sustainable Development Goals | Climate Change Impacts

White knights, or horsemen of the apocalypse? Prospects for Big Oil to align emissions with a 1.5 °C pathway - ScienceDirect

  2021-04-17 (or before) in

The material foundations of a low-carbon economy

  2021-03-19 (or before) in

The transition to a low-carbon environment is rapidly accelerating and with it the potential for severe environmental and social degradation. The extr…

Cryptodamages: Monetary value estimates of the air pollution and human health impacts of cryptocurrency mining

  2021-03-07 (or before) in

Cryptocurrency mining uses significant amounts of energy as part of the proof-of-work time-stamping scheme to add new blocks to the chain. Expanding u…

  Tagged under: Health

Global patterns of ecologically unequal exchange: Implications for sustainability in the 21st century

  2021-02-21 (or before) in

Ecologically unequal exchange theory posits asymmetric net flows of biophysical resources from poorer to richer countries. To date, empirical evidence…

  Tagged under: Sustainability

Shifts in global bat diversity suggest a possible role of climate change in the emergence of SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 - ScienceDirect

  2021-02-20 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Climate Change

From anger to action: Differential impacts of eco-anxiety, eco-depression, and eco-anger on climate action and wellbeing

  2021-02-14 (or before) in

Research documents the experiences of depression and anxiety evoked by climate change, but little attention has been given to frustration and anger, o…

  Tagged under: Climate Change | Activism | Climate Anxiety and Grief | Climate Change Impacts

Challenging social norms to recraft practices: A Living Lab approach to reducing household energy use in eight European countries

  2021-02-11 (or before) in

ENERGISE is the first large-scale European effort to reduce household energy use through a change initiative that adopted a ‘living lab’ approach info…

Providing decent living with minimum energy: A global scenario

  2020-10-21 (or before) in

It is increasingly clear that averting ecological breakdown will require drastic changes to contemporary human society and the global economy embedded…

Global patterns of ecologically unequal exchange: Implications for sustainability in the 21st century - ScienceDirect

  2020-09-08 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Sustainability

Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions

  2020-02-20 (or before) in

Here we build on the manifesto ‘World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologis…

  Tagged under: Insects

Gone with the wind: effects of wind on honey bee visit rate and foraging behaviour - ScienceDirect

  2020-02-18 (or before) in

The Underestimated Potential of Battery Electric Vehicles to Reduce Emissions - ScienceDirect

  2019-11-25 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Batteries

Addressing climate change through price and non-price interventions - ScienceDirect

  2019-11-24 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Climate Change

Can we sustain success in reducing deaths to extreme weather in a hotter world? - ScienceDirect

  2019-11-14 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Extreme Weather

Over a century of data reveal more than 80% decline in butterflies in the Netherlands - ScienceDirect

  2019-04-01 (or before) in

  Tagged under: Butterflies and Moths

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